2.1 Waste recycling

There are potential environmental and economic benefits from a comprehensive approach to waste recycling. However, there are a number of practical obstacles to this process, and further research and consultations are necessary. Detailed information on each waste stream will be needed for cost-benefit analysis and determination of the contribution of each part in the global material cycle. In addition, the economics of the collection infrastructure should select the most cost-effective sources of materials subjected to recycling.

An important approach in this context is the producer's responsibility. It is demonstrated through a successful scheme of production of waste originating from end-of-life products. Waste originating from other materials could not be producer's responsibility, so it is important to sustain the practices applied in this field.

In accordance with these factors, a careful delimitation of collected fractions may contribute to the effectiveness of a recycling system. In addition, environmental and economic indicators should be considered in collection of different waste streams. Thus, a dear-cut allocation of actual and financial responsibilities of the targets (industrial product and material groups) will be achieved.

The process of recycling requires purposefull actions prior its commencement. There are 3 steps involved in the pre-recycling waste collection that include:

1. Collection of waste from doorsteps, commercial places, etc.

2. Collection of waste from community dumps.

3. Collection/picking up of waste from final disposal sites.