4.1. Risks for human health imposed by genetically modified foods’ application

The assessment of safety of food obtained with the aid of GMMs is performed generally through the following investigations:

  • Direct health effects (toxicity).
  • Possibility to provoke allergic reaction (allergenic properties).
  • Definition of specific components causing nutritional or toxic effects.
  • Evaluation of inserted gene stability.
  • Definition of nutritional effects associated with genetic modification.
  • Unanticipated effects resulting from gene insertion.
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